A brief knowledge of hiv aids

The financial burden of death can also be considerable, with some families in South Africa easily spending seven times their total household monthly income on a funeral.

Berten H, Van Rossem R. Fishbein M, Yzer MC. The treatment fights the HIV infection and slows down the spread of the virus in the body. One approach that did succeed in involving large numbers of parents comprised school classes that used homework assignments in which students were asked to talk with their parents about sexual topics.

It is clear that as much as possible needs to be done to minimise this impact. Programs designed for high school students, some of whom had engaged in intercourse and some of whom had not, emphasized that students should avoid unprotected intercourse; that abstinence was the best method of avoiding unprotected sex; and that, if students did have sex, condoms should always be used.

Individuals who give and receive tattoos and piercings are also at risk and should be very careful. An earlier diagnosis may prompt people to take extra precautions to prevent transmission of the virus to others. The first effective intervention included a large, comprehensive social marketing campaign in Portland, Oregon called Project Action.

AIDS is defined as having HIV and an opportunistic infection an infection by a microorganism that ordinarily does not cause disease unless the immune system is weakened normally associated with AIDS.

The History of HIV and AIDS in the United States

Common side effects include nausea, fatigue, diarrhea, skin rashes, moodiness, alterations to the adipose fat tissue, birth defects. Thus, these programs are not well suited for those young adults at highest risk--gay males. The training, ranging from approximately 6 hours to 3 days in length, addressed the challenge of implementing programs that focus on a sensitive topic and incorporate a variety of interactive activities.

If a person has been exposed to the virus, it is crucial that they get tested as soon as possible. Among students in grades across the U. The most obvious effect of this crisis has been illness and death, but the impact of the epidemic has certainly not been confined to the health sector; households, schools, workplaces and economies have also been badly affected.

Researchers have found that peer education and mentoring were effective mechanisms for increasing HIV prevention knowledge among adolescents in Nigeria 22 - A cross-sectional study was conducted between July and October in two randomly selected coeducational schools of Lucknow district, India.

Effective programs provided basic information that students needed to assess risks and avoid unprotected sex. However, scientists remain keen to find the true origin of HIV, as most agree it is important to understand the virus and its epidemiology in order to fight it.

This highlights the need for higher levels of HIV education as adolescents matriculate through school, as they become sexually active and at greater risk of participating in RSB. Agents such as growth hormone, anabolic steroids, and appetite stimulants are examples of medications that have been used to treat this condition.

The extent to which schools and other education institutions are able to continue functioning will influence how well societies eventually recover from the epidemic. Effective programs were based on theoretical approaches that have been demonstrated to be effective in influencing other health-related risky behaviors.

Today, HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), remains one of the largest pandemics in the world. HIV is the same virus that can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). This MNT Knowledge Center article explores the early effects of HIV and the ways in which HIV affects the immune system.

Learn about opportunistic infections and AIDS-defining illnesses. Read now. History of HIV and AIDS overview KEY POINTS: The history of the HIV and AIDS epidemic began in illness, fear and death as the world faced a new and unknown virus. Figure Worldwide epidemiology of HIV/AIDS Trainer Instructions Explain the effects of HIV/AIDS on children.

UNAIDS estimates that at the end of 40 million people worldwide were living with HIV/AIDS. million people with HIV/AIDS were children younger than 15 years old.children worldwide were newly infected in Jul 27,  · Fact sheets about HIV/AIDS treatment information, the prevention of mother-to-child transmission, and HIV treatment side effects.

All the fact sheets are written specifically for patients in easy to read language. The History of HIV and AIDS in the United States Medically reviewed by Daniel Murrell, MD on January 29, — Written by Rachel Nall, RN, BSN, CCRN –s.

Terms, Definitions, and Calculations Used in CDC HIV Surveillance Publications A brief knowledge of hiv aids
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Knowledge About HIV/AIDS Among Secondary School Students